台球技术网

台球的发展史

      编辑:台球       来源:台球技术网
 
台球运动至今已有五、六百年历史,台球究竟起源于哪国?有的说是古希腊,有的说是法国,有的说是英国,也有的说是中国,意大利和西班牙等等众说纷云,其实都是根据传说,所以很难肯定。但是,台球起源于西欧是无可争辩的事实。
台球在公元十四世纪,在英国的英格兰维多利亚女王时代,台球活动非常受人们的重视,在一些富豪家庭里,不仅有豪华讲究的台球间,而且在进行打球活动时,还有严格的活动礼节,有的规定至今仍在沿用。如在打球时,有客人来,必须轻轻开门入室,不得高声谈话和喧叫,以免影响打球人的沉静思考。又如在打球时,可以要求对方不要正面对着自己或靠近自己站立,不允许随便挥舞球杆等不文明的举动等。台球是一种高雅的活动,现在台球厅、室,也都有类似的不许高声喧哗和吸烟等明文规定。1510年台球出现在法国,法国国王路易十四在凡尔赛宫玩的台球是“单个球”(Single Pool),在桌上放一个用象牙做的拱门(Port)和一根象牙立柱叫“王”(king),用勺形棒来打球,把球打进门或碰到上便可行分。由于法王路易十四的御医建议国王餐后做台球活动,有利于健身因此得到法王喜爱和关心,所以在十七世纪,台球在法国逐渐风行起来,这可能就是台球起源于法国的根据。据说台球活动初始是在户外地面上挖洞,把球用木棒打进洞内的一种玩法,后来才从室外改在室内桌子上活动。

发展

自从台球出现至今已有几百年的历史,并不是一出现就尽美尽善,而是在长期流传中经过人们的不断改进丰富,现已达到了比从较完善的程度。从前开始在室内桌子上玩球时,在桌子中心开了一个圆洞,后来又在桌子四角开了四个洞,洞的增加同时也激发了人们的玩球兴趣,直到在桌子开了六个圆洞。才演变成了今天落袋式台球球台的雏形。在球台的发展过程中还有过八角形球桌,在桌每边开洞。共有八个洞,洞增多了,一盘球可以多容纳几个人来参加。到了十九世纪初,台球运动的发展开始走向成熟阶段,在技术提高的同时,设备用具也随之发展,许多大大小小的改进和发明创造不断涌现。进入六十年代以来,美式台球的尖子高手有拉萨德、包胥斯和小克雷菲等人。此外还有一位世界美式台球女杰之首马鲁卡什、她是1959年出生于纽约,举世闻名的女球王。第一次斯诺克业余台球赛戴维斯夺取?B "data:image/jpeg;base64,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" >

您可能还会对下面的文章感兴趣:

相关文章